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Curriculum Provision – Numeracy

Introduction to the Numeracy Curriculum

At St Luke's, we follow the new curriculum (2014) for Numeracy across Key Stage 1 and 2. The new curriculum has three main aims. These are to ensure that all pupils will:

  •  be fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics. Pupils have a solid understanding of increasingly complex mathematical problems and are able to solve them quickly and accurately.
  •  reason mathematically. Pupils can identify mathematical relationships and connections for themselves and justify their decision-making.
  •  solve problems. Pupils can apply their skills and approach problems systematically, breaking them down into smaller steps where necessary.

 A brief overview of the new curriculum and St Luke’s approach to it is outlined below. For more detail about the topics covered in each year group, please consult the Numeracy section of the new National Curriculum document, available at:

 A yearly breakdown of the objectives covered is also available here:

Year 1 objectives     Year 2 objectives     Year 3 objectives     Year 4 objectives     Year 5 objectives     Year 6 objectives

 Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2)

The main focus of mathematics teaching in Years 1 and 2 is to make sure that pupils develop a confident and fluent understanding of whole numbers, counting and place value. At this stage, children use a range of measures to describe and compare different quantities such as length, weight, capacity/volume, time and money. The children’s conceptual understanding of numbers is developed through the use of images, numerals, words and physical objects such as coins, watches and shapes.

*By the end of Year 2, pupils should know all number bonds to twenty and understand place value in preparation for applying these skills in Key Stage 2.


Lower Key Stage 2 (Years 3 and 4)

The main focus of mathematics teaching in Years 3 and 4 is to ensure that pupils are fluent in dealing with whole numbers and their interactions with the four numeric operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division). The emphasis is on pupils developing efficient methods of calculation, both mental and written, and confidence when working with increasingly large numbers.

At this stage, pupils are developing their ability to solve a variety of problems, including simple fractions and understanding decimal place values. In addition, pupils should be analysing shapes and their respective properties, confidently describing the relationships between these shapes, and using measuring instruments with accuracy.

*By the end of Year 4, times tables up to 12x12 should be memorised.


Upper Key Stage 2 (Years 5 and 6)

The main focus of mathematics teaching in Years 5 and 6 is to ensure that pupils extend their understanding of the number system and place value to include larger integers (whole numbers). This, in turn, influences the pupils’ application of their multiplication and division knowledge to more complex problems involving fractions, decimals, percentages and ratio.

At this stage, pupils should develop their ability to solve a wider range of problems, including problems demanding efficient written and mental methods of calculation. Building on the foundations laid in Years 1 to 4, children are introduced to the language of algebra as a means to solve problems. Teaching also builds upon the children’s existing knowledge of geometry (shape and space), allowing pupils to classify shapes with increasingly complex geometric properties.

*By the end of Year 6, pupils should be fluent in written methods for all four operations, including long multiplication and division, and in working with fractions, decimals and percentages.


Our Approach:


At St Luke's we have subscribed to Pearson Education's 'Abacus' Scheme of Work which runs from Year 1 to Year 6. Abacus orders the curriculum in such a way that different Numeracy ‘strands’ (such as number and place value, geometry, mental calculation and statistics) are taught in cycles throughout the year. In this way, topics are taught and consolidated, then revised and built upon later in the year. This teaching method enables pupils to learn new skills and utilise them throughout the year, helping them to embed and expand upon their skill-set. Abacus also provides pupils with a ‘Learning Platform’, an online page of tailored activities set by individual teachers for pupils to complete. These platforms will be used increasingly to set targeted homework activities for children.

The Teaching of Maths in St Luke's

To supplement the teaching of Maths in school and to enable the children to develop a sound understanding of Maths, we have also subscribed to the NCETM, White Rose, Hamilton Trust, TwinklTES and use other non-subscription websites, such as NRich, and textbooks to provide both our pupils and teachers with a wealth of resources to develop their enquiry, reasoning and problem solving skills. With our intention to raise the profile of Maths across school, we have also developed a strategy for the Teaching of Maths in St Luke's to ensure that fluency, reasoning, problem solving, mastery and greater depth are embedded within our curriculum. In this, rigorous use of assessment for learning is employed to ensure that work is appropriately pitched and sufficiently challenging to ensure pupil progress. Hence, pupils become masters, learning Maths at greater depth and achieving end of year expectations. 

Useful Resources

Addition and Subtraction Strategies          Multiplication and Division Strategies

Priorities for 2016/2017

 Yearly OverviewsYear 1     Year 2     Year 3     Year 4     Year 5     Year 6

 Vision for September 2017 and Beyond

At St Luke's, we are always looking to improve our practice to ensure that learners achieve their full potential. It is with this in mind, that we look to fully implement the Teaching of Maths in St Luke's strategy and the White Rose Scheme of work in school from September 2017. This will ensure that the aims of the Maths curriculum are achieved as well as promoting mastery and greater depth as the basis of all our teaching and learning. As a result, Abacus textbooks will be used where necessary as a supplement to the White Rose Curriculum. We are also looking towards MyMaths as a new platform for online learning and homework. More information regarding this will follow soon.