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The national curriculum for geography aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
  • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

In Geography lessons children develop the skills and knowledge learnt in English and Maths in practical ways through geographical activities. British Values are incorporated into the curriculum as appropriate.  For example Mutual Respect is covered within the topics of Rainforests and Water and Individual Liberty is linked to the topic of Holidays and Cities. Please see the appropriate curriculum areas and policies for more details.

Here is an overview of the topics we cover in each year group and some suggested debate ideas.

Year Group

Physical Geography

Human Geography






Where do the leaves go to in winter?

Debate Idea: All children should have to wear a coat to school.


Why can’t a meerkat live in the North Pole?

Debate Idea : Animals should not live in zoos.






Why do we love to be beside the seaside?

Debate Idea: The sea should be tested to check it is clean.


What would Dora the Explorer/ Ben Ten find exciting about our town/city?

Debate Idea: Manchester is the best city in the UK.






What makes the Earth angry?

Debate Idea: People should not be allowed to live in earthquake zones.


Why do so many people choose to go to the Mediterranean for their holidays?

Debate Idea: Everyone should get one free return flight each year.






Why is Manchester such a cool place to live?

Debate Idea: Manchester should be made the capital of the UK.


Why are cities built by rivers?

Debate Idea: The names of cities should be connected to the rivers they are built near to.






Why should the rainforests be important to us all?

Debate Idea: No more trees should be cut down in the Amazon rain forest.


Comparing Locality


Debate Idea: 






Map Skills: How Maps Have Changed Over Time

Debate Idea: Are online maps and the use of GPS decreasing our map reading skills?



Reviewed Oct 2017